Guide to Thin Section Microscopy (2nd ed., 2012) by M.M. Raith, P. Raase, J. Reinhardt

or from


Handbook of Mineralogy by J.W. Anthony, R.A. Bideaux, K.W. Bladh, M.C. Nichols (eds.)


Olaf Medenbach's website on mineral optics

(includes excellent presentations on conoscopic interference figures, including dispersion and various anomalies)


Frank Mazdab's rockPTX mineralogy-petrology website


Virtual Microscope site, Open University, U.K.


Virtual Petrography (ViP) - A virtual microscope for the geosciences, RWTH Aachen